Can Allergies Cause Lymph Nodes to Swell?
Swollen lymph nodes are the telltale symbol of the human body that the body is combating any bacterial, fungal, or viral infections. The human body can stem all these infections from the infected tooth, an ear, or neck infection, strep throat, etc. As allergies can cause lymph nodes to swell but most of the time they get their normal size after completing their work.
Lymph nodes are the one type of round and bean-shaped glands of the human body. They are located throughout the entire human body and the number of the glands are hundreds. There are clusters of lymph nodes in the neck, throat, under the chin, underarms, between the lungs, beneath the skin, thigh, and torso. They help to protect your body from any harmful disease. When the nodes are swollen then you can feel these clusters as a little lump.
Allergies can cause lymph nodes to swell. If you are the sufferer of seasonal allergy then you may be affected by the pollen or grass. Then you don’t need any tension about this. After certain times, they will get their normal size.
What are the Lymph Nodes?
According to the American Cancer Society(ACS), lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system, and they secreted lymph fluid throughout the body. This system is a significant part of the immune system and the fluid helps to prevent any harmful diseases.
ACS explained that the lymph system does a great job in the human body. They collect detrimental fluid, waste material, bacteria, virus, and a fungus in your tissues, and after collecting, send them to the lymph nodes. The nodes are work as a filter for any unhealthy elements. They can prevent our body by attacking and demolishing all the germs that are carried to the nodes by lymph fluid.
Why are the Lymph Nodes Swell?
Specially Allergies can cause lymph nodes to swell and when the lymph nodes are trying to filter out pathogens of allergies, or other diseases then they can enlarge from it’s the original size. Besides, allergies the lymph nodes swell for various reasons such as the symptoms of cancer, infection of internal organs, etc. But most of the cases are happening for allergies. The most common areas where lymph nodes swell are the throat, torso, and armpits. In medical terms, the swelling of lymph nodes is called Lymphadenopathy.
With other symptoms, swollen lymph nodes are a hint that something is going wrong in the internal part of your body. It will help you and your physician to figure out the exact problem.
Can Allergies Cause Lymph Nodes to Swell?
There is a huge possibility that allergies are the main cause of swollen lymph nodes. Anything including allergies that activates the immune system of our body can cause swollen nodes. Such as upper respiratory infection, common cold, runny nose, allergies all may cause lymph nodes to swell. Besides swollen nodes are also symbols of cancer or infection. Most often the lumps feel on one side of the neck, under the jaw, or behind the ears if it is happened by allergies.
Usually, children are suffered this during season change due to the different types of allergies or infections. However, adults are also suffered. It is a very common symptom that seasonal allergies may cause someone to have the lymph nodes swell. Besides, from a sinus infection, the lymph nodes are also swelling.
Causes of the Lymph Nodes to Swell
The immune cells of lymph nodes are called lymphocytes. These cells attack unwanted bacteria, viruses, and other unhealthy things that can make the human body sick and unstable. When your body is fighting off toxic germs, then the body makes more of these immune cells from its own and this is the reason for swelling. There are a lot of reasons behind the lymph nodes. These are described below.
● Different types of infections such as skin disease, sinus, ear infection, tooth infection, mumps, etc.
● Tonsillitis, which is the cause of throat infection.
● Disclosure of allergens.
● Skin injury or irritation like from recent orthodontic work.
● Dental infection or cavity issue.
● Exposure to bacteria, viruses, and fungus.
● Skin diseases such as acne or rash.
● Mononucleosis, a deadly infectious virus that can cause swollen lymph nodes.
Sometimes, a weak person suffers from an immune disorder and it may cause the lymph nodes to swell. The less common reasons for swollen lymph nodes are discussed in the below list.
● Metastatic cancer, that spread from its original place to lymph nodes, and as a result, the lymph nodes are swelling slowly.
● Lymphoma, the cancer of the lymph nodes.
● Sepsis is one type of infection that can become life-threatening.
● Syphilis, a bacterial disease and sexually transmitted from one body to another body.
● Tuberculosis, which is the infection of the lungs and other internal organs.
When a person suffered from cancer or different types of infection then it may be caused for swollen lymph nodes. In that case, you have to understand that it is not for allergy. Generally, if the lymph nodes are swelling a large number in your body then it may be for allergy or infection. But swelling in a single lymph node may cause a serious issue. In that case, you have to consult with a doctor.
The Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes
There are various symptoms of swollen lymph nodes. Such as,
● Softness, moving, and feeling pain on the lymph nodes. Sometimes the skin of the swollen nodes is showing red.
Swollen lymph nodes are attached to some other diseases or illnesses. So there might be other symptoms with swollen nodes depends on the illness. These are-
● Runny nose, cough, fever(caused by an upper respiratory infection or laryngitis).
● Hard lymph nodes and get a large day by day(signs as any type of cancer).
Treatment of the Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swollen lymph nodes are a hint that something is going wrong in your body. But this is a very common symptom that you can easily overcome from staying at your home. Here are a few things that you can do when suffering from this.
Take an allergy medicine –
Allergies can cause lymph nodes to swell. If you realize that severe allergies are the cause of your swollen lymph nodes then you can consult with your doctor for one time and take a fast-acting allergic medicine like an antihistamine, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin, etc. If the allergies are controlled in your body then it seems okay and the swollen nodes should go down automatically.
Sometimes excess hard work may cause your swollen nodes. In that case, you should take a rest for a long period and need a soundless sleep for a long time. After that, you can realize fresh and swollen nodes will go from your body.
Apply a warm cover in the area of swelling-
If you are suffering from swollen lymph nodes then you can use a warm cover in the swelling area. It can work nicely especially on the swollen area of the neck. By using this process the swelling would not go down but it helps you to feel better.
Gargle with warm water –
If you are suffering a swollen lymph nodes problem in your throat then this home remedy will help you to cure the difficulty. Gargle with warm salt water is the easiest technique through which you can recover.
When Will You Go to the Doctor for Swollen Lymph Nodes?
If you are suffered from a seasonal allergy and are habituated with the swollen lymph nodes that come from the allergies, then don’t get tensed. If you follow all those home remedies and take the proper medicine then you will be ok within a few days.
In major times it needs no great concentration for curing. But if you are suffered from swollen lymph nodes for a long time and it seems to get large in size day by day then must consult with your doctor. Moreover, if you have a fever for a long day then don’t take it casually. Because allergies are not caused for fever in the long term. It may harmful and could be an indication of any infection in your internal organ. So don’t be late to go to your physician as it is detrimental and can cause your internal organ failure.
Here are some symptoms when you need to consult with the doctor. Symptoms are:
● If the swollen lymph nodes are continued to enlarge over 3 to 4 weeks.
● Swollen lymph nodes are feeling much hard and you can’t able to move them. In normal allergic swelling nodes are feeling soft and you can move them easily.
● If you have a high fever for a long period, fatigue, breathing difficulties, night sweats, and unwanted weight loss.
● If the skin around the lymph node is showing dark red and feeling inflamed.
Diagnosis of Swollen Lymph Nodes
Must visit with the doctor if you have any difficulties like those. The doctor will ask about your medical history and give some medical tests after examining the nodes for realizing the proper condition. Such tests are:
● Blood test.
● Biopsy. Take some tissue or fluid from the swelling lymph nodes and analyze it under the microscope.
● CT scan. It’s a series of X-rays that are taken from different angles and it helps to understand the more complete picture.
● PET scan. This examination looks at the chemical activity in the infected part of your body. It helps to identify the actual condition and stage of some cancers, heart disease, and brain disorders.
Proper treatments will be started after the diagnosis test. After all the recommended tests like those, you must visit your doctor and obey all the instructions. Swelling of lymph nodes are allergic symptoms many times and need no doctor consultation. But sometimes it signs in some major disease. If you abide by the instructions of your consultant then you must be cured very quickly.